What to see in Berchtesgaden, itinerary including the main places of interest, including Castle, Abbey, Salt Mines, Eagle's Nest and Lake Konigssee.
Berchtesgaden is also a popular holiday resort and is located in Bavaria at just under 600 meters above sea level.
Geographically it is located in one of the best mountain areas in Europe, elevated as a national park, less than 30 kilometers away from Salzburg.
Famous for winter sports, it has been home to important ski mountaineering competitions.
Among the main places of interest include the Schloss Castle, an ancient Romanesque-Gothic abbey transformed into a museum by Prince Ruprecht, the salt mines, which can be visited by electric train, the Marian Shrine of Maria Gern, in Baroque style and a pilgrimage destination, built by Salzburg artists at the beginning of the eighteenth century.
The 12th century Church of Saints Peter the Apostle and John the Baptist has a beautiful neo-Romanesque façade, while the interior is Gothic with two 56 meter high towers.
On the Kehlstein mountain, reachable via a private road that starts from the Obersalzberg plateau, located 5 km from Berchtesgaden, there is the famous Eagle's Nest, built by Adolf Hitler as a refuge and today a restaurant, which is accessed via a narrow tunnel dug into the rock.
The Konigssee Lake, of glacial origin and with a length of about 7 kilometers, is part of the Berchtesgaden National Park and represents a very popular tourist destination, where you can take boats to go from one side of the lake to the other, you can also go up to Lake Obersee, located at a slightly higher altitude, where the Chapel of San Bartolomeo is located.
The latter is a small twelfth-century Baroque church, remodeled several times, with an interior with three naves.