Denmark: useful information


Useful information about Denmark, including all the things to know before leaving for a trip or a holiday in this state of Northern Europe, with the capital Copenhagen.

Denmark in a nutshell

  • Capital: Copenhagen
  • Area in sq km: 43,092
  • Population: 5,383,507 (first half of 2001)
  • Religion: Mostly Protestant

Where is it

denmark flag Denmark is made up of the Jylland peninsula and about 600 islands. It is washed to the north and west by the North Sea, to the east by the Baltic Sea and to the south it borders on Germany.

It occupies the northern part of the Jylland peninsula and stretches east towards Sweden. Its major islands are: Sjaelland, Fiona, Lolland, Falster, Mon, Langeland, Aero, Als, Bornoholm, Laeso.

The Piccolo Belt and the Grande Belt are two sea branches that separate these islands. Ores is the stretch of sea that divides the island of Sjaelland from Sweden.

The Jylland peninsula is separated from Sweden by the Skagerrak and the Kattegat. The territory of Denmark is flat or slightly wavy. The eastern coasts and those of the islands are very indented and with numerous ports.

The western coasts are low and sandy. Greenland and the Faroe Islands are part of Denmark, although they have autonomous statutes. The Danish legal system is a democratic parliamentary constitutional monarchy.

Lakes and rivers

Due to the characteristic flat terrain in Denmark, numerous lakes have formed and rivers are short. The largest river is the Gudena with its 158 km. of length.


In Denmark the climate is oceanic, with humid westerly winds. The winters are mild and the summers cool.


The population of Denmark is made up of 96.5% of Danes, and a small minority of Germans and Swedes. It is mainly concentrated in cities, particularly in Copenhagen, in the archipelago and on the eastern coast of the peninsula.

Time zone

Compared to Italy in Denmark there is no time difference. In Greenland, the clock must be moved two hours back, and in the Faroe Islands one hour behind.

Spoken language

Danish is spoken in Denmark and the English language is well known.

Recommended readings
  • Denmark: useful information
  • Copenhagen (Denmark): what to see in the capital
  • Zealand (Denmark): what to see on the largest island
  • Funen (Denmark): what to see on the island


In Denmark there are agriculture and cattle breeding which give rise to a thriving industrial activity that uses highly specialized techniques.

Denmark's industry is also active in the shipbuilding, metalworking, textile, chemical, ceramic, rubber, cement and fish conservation sectors as fishing is highly developed. It exports in particular fish, meat and dairy products.

When to go

The summer months are the best (April-August) for a visit to Denmark. The time of the Christmas holidays is also very beautiful as winter is not very harsh and a particularly picturesque atmosphere is created.

Necessary documents

Italian citizens, to enter Denmark, must present only the identity card valid for expatriation, or the passport. No visa is required for stays in Denmark of less than 3 months. The green card is recommended.


The prefix to call Denmark from Italy is 0045 followed by the subscriber number, there are no internal telephone prefixes. The area code to call from Denmark to Italy is 0039 followed by the area code and telephone number.


The electrical network is 220 volt 50Hz


The currency is the Danish krone divided into 100 hours. The use of credit cards is widespread in Denmark and it is possible to withdraw cash from ATMs with credit cards or credit cards.

How to get

By car, the recommended route to go to Denmark from Italy passes through Switzerland (Lugano-Bellinzona-Basel) and Germany (Frankfurt-Kassel-Hamburg).

The bridge over the Great Belt is very useful to get to Copenhagen.

Motorways are free, only the bridge that connects Copenhagen to the rest of the country and the bridge that connects Denmark to Sweden are paid.

By train there are various Italy-Denmark connections: to get to Copenhagen the train is boarded on the Puttgarden-Rodby ferry by day, while at night the train crosses the bridge over the Great Belt.

SAS Scandinavian Airlines, Alitalia, Air One fly direct between Italy and Denmark. In addition, there are low cost airlines that offer special rate flights.

Eurolines connects several Italian cities to Denmark.

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Tags: Denmark