Historical information, length in km and where the great Chinese wall is located, characteristics and architectural merits of this exceptional monument, which in the past had a significant defensive role and which today represents one of the best examples in the world of ancient fortifications.
How long is the Chinese wall in km
This admirable defensive bulwark, of great historical and architectural value, is located in the northwestern part of China.
It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site, an attractive tourist destination especially in the best preserved parts of Badaling, about 50 km from Beijing, Simatai, 120 km north-east of Beijing and Mutianyu, 70 km northeast of Beijing.
From the latest research carried out, it seems that the length of the wall is about 22,000 km, instead of 8,000 km as shown by previous investigations.
From the Jiayuguan Pass in the west to the Shanhaiguan Pass in the east, the Great Wall unfolds, perfectly integrated into the landscape, along the provinces, regions and cities of the country, crossing mountains, deserts and prairies.
In 220 BC, under Qin Shi Huang, sections of older fortifications were brought together to form a unitary defense system against invasions from the north.
In the following centuries, the wall was further expanded, until the fall of the Han dynasty in 220 AD, when construction and maintenance work on the work was stopped.
With the rise to power of the Ming dynasty, which took place in 1368 and coinciding with the end of a long period of conflict that culminated in the expulsion of the Mongols, the tradition started by Qin Shi Huang flourished again and more than 5,600 km were built. of walls.
In the vast Chinese empire, the Emperor's soldiers and couriers could move quickly along the upper walkway of the Great Wall of China, whose structure reveals, through the various phases of its construction, the progress in defense techniques and adaptation to the various political contexts.