What does resilience mean, in which cases is this term used, which can be applied to a single person or to an entire community, as a consequence of adverse events that have upset its existence.
Meaning of resilience
In the psychological field, resilience is a term used to indicate the ability to positively deal with traumatic events, hopefully reorganizing one's life following serious difficulties that have occurred.
Resilient people are defined as those who, after being affected by events that have upset their existence, find the strength to react, effectively coping with the complicated situations in which they have found themselves and managing to give new impetus to their lives, succeeding in some cases to achieve important objectives beyond any reasonable forecast.
Resilience can be defined as a psychic function, capable of changing over time in relation to lived experience and to the modification of the mental processes that derive from it.
The concept of resilience is also used to analyze the social contexts resulting from serious natural disasters, such as earthquakes and floods, or man-made events, such as wars and terrorist attacks.
There are also economic and social processes which, following the trauma caused by a catastrophe, block creating instability, or manage to find in the trauma immediately strength and new energies to start a new phase of growth.
Identity factors, social cohesion and a community of purpose are the values on which a resilient community is founded, which manages to find formidable opportunities for rebirth in adversity.