Useful information about Slovenia, all the things to know before leaving for a trip or vacation in this state of Europe with the capital Ljubljana.
Slovenia in short
- Capital: Ljubljana
- Area in sq km: 20,251
- Population: 2,011.OOO (first half of 2001)
- Religion: Catholic, with minorities of Orthodox, Protestants and Muslims.
Where is it
Slovenia is bordered by Austria to the north, Hungary to the north east, Croatia to the east and south, Italy and the Adriatic Sea to the west.
The territory of Slovenia is mainly mountainous or hilly and is rich in woods and cultivated land.
To the north west are the Julian Alps, with Mount Triglav (the highest peak in Slovenia, 2,864 m.).
In the western part of the country, between the Adriatic Sea and Ljubljana, there is the Karst, the limestone region, with underground caves and rivers.
On the border between Slovenia and Austria are the Karawanken Alps (the Slovenian side is covered by forests and meadows, unlike the Austrian one which is more rocky).
Moving to the east we find the Pohorje massif which in a longitudinal direction connects the alpine landscapes to the west with those forming part of the Pannonian plain to the east.
The extreme part of northern Istria overlooking the Gulf of Trieste with a stretch of coast on the Adriatic Sea represents the only outlet to the sea in the country.
The main rivers are the Drava, which flows through the city of Ptuj, and the Sava, which flows from the outskirts of Ljubljana, both tributaries of the Danube.
The Mur river, a tributary of the Drava, flows in the north-eastern part of the country.
The Isonzo river originates in the Julian Alps, runs through a stretch of western Slovenia, enters Italy in Gorizia and flows into the Adriatic Sea.Recommended readings
- Portoroz (Slovenia): what to see between sea and spa
- Postojna (Slovenia): what to see in the caves
- Rogaska Slatina (Slovenia): what to see in the spa
- Ptuj (Slovenia): what to see
- Ljubljana (Slovenia): what to see in the capital
In the Dolenjska region, Lower Carniola, the Krka river flows.
In the northwestern part of the country lies the picturesque Lake Bled, fed by the glaciers of the Alps.
The climate of Slovenia varies according to the areas, on the Adriatic coast, the most western area of the country, the climate is Mediterranean, with hot summers and mild winters, while in the eastern part of the country the climate has continental characteristics, with winters cold and hot summers.
The north west area enjoys an alpine climate, with cold winters and mild summers.
The population of Slovenia is made up mostly of Slovenes and small minorities of Croats, Serbs, Muslims, Slavs, Macedonians, Montenegrins and Albanians, immigrants in Slovenia.
In addition, there are two indigenous minorities, the Italian one (on the Adriatic coast) and the Hungarian one in north-eastern Slovenia.
In Slovenia the time is the same as in Italy at any time of the year.
The official language of Slovenia is Slovenian and in some areas Italian and Hungarian.
Slovenia has always been the richest country among those belonging to the former Yugoslavia.
Its economic structure is largely based on the service sector, including the tourism sector, and industry, where a long process of privatization of state-owned and mixed companies is underway.
The industries, which contribute most to the realization of national income, are the metallurgical, electronics, textile, chemical and woodworking industries.
Although Slovenia is rich in cultivated land (wheat, maize, vines, fruit trees), the agricultural sector contributes in a small part to the formation of national income.
When to go
From a climatic point of view, the best time to visit Slovenia is the summer period.
In the Alps, the winter months, from December to March, are ideal for those who practice snow sports.
In order to enter Slovenia, Italian citizens need an identity card valid for travel abroad or a passport.
The country is part of the European Union and adheres to the Schengen agreement.
- The prefix for calling from Italy to Slovenia is: 00386
- The area code for calling from Slovenia to Italy is: 0039
The electricity in Slovenia is 220 volts.
The official currency of Slovenia is the Euro.
Credit cards are generally accepted, it is also possible to make ATM withdrawals.
How to get
Slovenia can be easily reached from Italy by car, passing through Trieste.
By bus, leaving from Trieste, it is possible to get to Ljubljana in less than 3 hours, there are other possibilities from various cities of Friuli with destination Koper.
By train there are routes with departures from Trieste and Venice to Ljubljana.