List of states that make up the United States of America, geographic location and territories not included but in a dependency regime, landscapes and mountain ranges present.
What are the 50 American states
The United States of America is a federal republic located in North America and made up of 50 states in total, two of which, Alaska and the islands of Hawaii, are not bordering.
Forty-eight states occupy the central area of the northern part of the American continent and border Canada, the Atlantic Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico, Mexico and the Pacific Ocean.
The border with Canada is partly marked by the Great Lakes and the San Lorenzo river, while the one with Mexico is delineated by the Rio Grande river.
The state of Alaska is located in the north-western tip of North America, while the Hawaiian islands are located in the Pacific Ocean more than 5,000 km from the US coast of which they are part.
Other territories not included in the federation but part of U.S. possessions and dependencies are Puerto Rico, the US Virgin Islands, Guam, American Samoa, the Northern Mariana Islands and the Midway and Wake atolls.
With such a vast territorial extension, it is easy to imagine how different the landscapes and environmental conditions of the various areas affect the flora and fauna present.
In the United States there are two large mountain systems consisting of the Appalachian Mountains to the east and the Rocky Mountains to the west separated by the immense plains in the central area.
The states that make up the United States are Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan. , Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming. The major cities are New York, Chicago, Los Angeles and San Francisco while the capital is Washington.