What to see in Venosa, itinerary including the main monuments and places of interest, including Castle, House of Horace, Cathedral, Trinity Abbey and Catacombs.
The origins of Venosa date back to prehistory, when a human settlement on the border with Lucania stood in the same place.
It is known that in 291 BC Venusia was conquered by the Romans, subsequently passed under the domination first of the Normans and then of the Swabians.
In Venosa it is possible to visit the "Domus", or the house of Orazio Flacco where this poet is presumed to have been born in 65 BC, where the remains of the baths of a patrician house, made up of various rooms, including a "calidarium" are visible ”, Which was a circular room used for hot water baths, and a rectangular compartment.
To the left of the entrance, you can see what remains of a sculpture stuck in the wall, while the small window overlooking the alley has a horseshoe shape.
Venosa Castle, dating back to 1470 and built in the same place where the ancient cathedral used to be, is square in plan, surrounded by a large moat and with circular towers, where prisoners were once locked up.
The sixteenth-century loggia of the internal courtyard is very beautiful, including frescoed rooms of undoubted artistic value.
In addition, the castle houses the archaeological museum, where some epigraphic finds found in the area are kept, as well as the Briscese Collection.
The cathedral of Venosa was built in the period between 1470 and 1502, on the remains of the ancient Church of San Basilio.
Inside, in the chapel of the Sacrament, there is the representation of the Assumption of the Virgin, by Francesco Solimena.
The bell tower, placed laterally than the building, has some Latin reliefs and writings.Recommended readings
- Basilicata: Sunday day trips
- Accettura (Basilicata): what to see
- Pisticci (Basilicata): what to see
- Melfi (Basilicata): what to see
- Acerenza (Basilicata): what to see in the village
The Abbey of the Holy Trinity is one of the best examples of abbey complexes built in southern Italy during the Norman era.
The old church has an interior with three naves and is decorated with frescoes whose construction dates back to different periods, while the new church, which began in the twelfth century, was never completed.
The Venosa area is considered one of the major Italian archaeological sites by importance, in fact there are remains dating back to the lower Paleolithic, in addition to the thermal baths, the domus, the episcopal palace and the amphitheater.
Near the historical center, there are the Paleo-Christian Catacombs carved out of the tuff, where it is possible to admire engravings and frescoes, as well as the Jewish Catacombs, which consist of two long galleries connected together and decorated with ancient inscriptions in Hebrew and Greek.