Useful information for excursions to Everest, where this mountain is located, ascents in history and paths to follow by degree of difficulty, with the main stages of the expeditions.
Where is it
Everest, located in the Himalaya chain on the border between China and Nepal, represents with its 8,850 m a.s.l. the highest mountain on earth.
The ascent of Mount Everest to the top was completed by the New Zealander Sir Edmund Hillary and the Sherpa, a term that indicates the components of a population of the mountains of Nepal, Tenzing Norgay on 29 May 1953 climbing the south wall.
Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler were the first to reach the summit without oxygen cylinders on May 8, 1978.
The desire to climb Everest has had a significant boost from 1980 onwards, increasing the number of expert mountaineers who have reached the top a lot.
The ascent to Mount Everest can be done by choosing between two alternative routes starting respectively from Nepal for the south face and from Tibet for the North face.
The most used, defined as Mount Everest hike via the normal route, is that of the south face as it is less difficult.
The climbs are mainly carried out in the spring period before the summer monsoon begins.
Mountaineering expeditions that organize an ascent of the south face normally land at Lukla, at about 2860 meters above sea level, starting from Kathmandu.
From there the march begins to arrive at the base camp located at an altitude of 5380 meters with a journey time varying from six to eight days to allow the body an adequate acclimation to avoid the classic altitude sickness caused by oxygen deficiency.
Before continuing the march the climbers stay for about 12-15 days at this base camp to get used to the great altitude and prepare the ropes to face the Khumbu glacier and all the final part of the journey that will take them to the top.