What to see in Trani, itinerary including the main monuments and places of interest, including the Swabian Castle, the Romanesque Cathedral, the Church of Ognissanti and the Carriage Museum.
Located in the province of Bari, from which it is 42 km away, Trani was born between the third and fourth centuries and developed following the destruction of Canosa in the ninth century.
The maritime activities of the city found new impetus under the Byzantine and Norman domination, subsequently, in a greater way, under the Swabian domination.
The oldest part of Trani develops on a small peninsula and is characterized by the typical Norman urban fabric with a herringbone structure.
In the Romanesque church of San Giacomo there is a remarkable carved portal.
The Swabian castle presents itself with an imposing quadrangular bulk, built on behalf of Frederick II between 1233 and 1249, after which modifications were made.
The Cathedral, which is one of the greatest examples of the Apulian Romanesque style, is formed by the hypogeum of San Leucio, dating back to the seventh century, by the crypt of San Nicola of the twelfth century, by the Church of Santa Maria della Scala, of the seventh century, and from the upper church.
The facade includes a rose window and a remarkable portal with a bronze door made by the master Barisano da Trani in 1179.
The bell tower, 59 meters high, is underpassed by a large arch, also the three protruding apses are very interesting.
The three-nave interior has an entrance to access the crypt of San Nicola, characterized by 28 marble columns.
Nearby is the episcope, where the diocesan museum is set up, including a lapidary where various architectural parts and sculptures are preserved.Recommended readings
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The fifteenth-century Palazzo Caccetta looks like an imposing building in the late Gothic style, developed around the porticoed courtyard with a quadrangular shape.
The Church of Ognissanti, dating back to the first half of the twelfth century, is characterized by a double portico supported by columns, with capitals and cross vaults as a cover, which constitutes the antechamber of the remarkable three carved portals.
In the Carriage Museum, housed in Palazzo Antonacci, it is possible to admire about forty carriages.
The Church of San Francesco, dating back to the end of the twelfth century, is an interesting example of a sacred dome-shaped building in axis, while that of Sant’Andrea, built in the year 1000, has a central plan and a hemispherical dome.