What to see in El Salvador, general information useful for organizing a trip or vacation in this state of Central America.
El Salvador, an Isthmian state of Central America, borders Guatemala and Honduras in the north, with Honduras in the east, overlooking the Pacific Ocean in the south and west.
In Central America, it is the state with the highest population density.
In the past this state has experienced periods of bloody wars and still today, among the population, there are two very different realities, the rich and the poor, the latter fighting against the former, even with episodes of violence, driven by their condition desperate.
The territory is made up of an internal area consisting of a large plateau characterized by various volcanic cones, some of which are still active, and a flat coastline dotted with beautiful lagoons.
Ilamatapec volcano, or Santa Ana, reaches 2,380 meters above sea level, and is the highest volcano in the country, it is located about 67 kilometers west of the capital San Salvador, at its side was born in 1770 the Izalco volcano, which until 1966 has erupted almost continuously, earning the nickname Pacific Lighthouse.
Under the looming peaks of the Santa Ana volcano, Izalco and Cerro Verde, now extinct volcano, stands out the lake Coatepeque, with blue and temperate waters, a very popular tourist destination.
The cities are few, the most important is the capital San Salvador, which is located on the slopes of the volcano of the same name at 560 meters above sea level, not far from the coast, to which it is connected via a highway to the port of La Libertad, its maritime outlet .
In the confines of this small-sized state, many beauties of nature are hidden, which include lush forests and mountain landscapes interspersed with wonderful lakes.
A visit to the Cerro Verde National Park allows you to admire splendid views of these volcanoes and the lake.
In the surroundings, inside the archaeological area of Chalchuapa, there are the ruins of Tazumal, a very interesting archaeological site from the Mayan civilization.